The Lesser Antillean Pewee (Contopus latirostris) is a small songbird that belongs to the family Tyrannidae. Adults measure about 5.5 inches in length and weigh around 0.4 ounces, making them one of the smallest species of flycatchers. Despite their small size, they are known for their loud and persistent calls, which they use to communicate with other birds in their territory.
One of the distinguishing field marks of the Lesser Antillean Pewee is its olive-green upperparts, which contrast with its off-white underparts. It also has a broad, blackish-brown eyestripe that extends from the base of the bill to the nape, and a short, stout bill that is dark brown in color. Males and females look similar, with the males having slightly larger bills than females.
The Lesser Antillean Pewee is a resident bird of the Caribbean islands and can be found in forests, gardens, and shrublands. It is commonly seen perched on a branch or vine, waiting for its prey, which usually consists of flying insects, spiders, and occasionally small berries. During the breeding season, which occurs from March to July, they build their nests using twigs, moss, and spider webs, which they attach to a horizontal branch or vine.
Unlike many migratory bird species, the Lesser Antillean Pewee does not undertake long-distance migrations. Instead, it is considered a sedentary species, meaning it remains in its range throughout the year. However, they may occasionally move to lower elevations during the non-breeding season to avoid harsh weather conditions in the highlands.
The Lesser Antillean Pewee is a fascinating bird species that is easy to identify in the field. With its distinctive olive-green plumage, black eyestripe, and short, stout bill, it is a joy to watch and listen to. Whether you are a seasoned birder or a beginner, this little flycatcher is a must-see for any birdwatching trip to the Caribbean.