The Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya) is a small passerine bird belonging to the tyrant flycatcher family. Adults measure around 7 inches (18 cm) in length, with a wingspan of 11 inches (28 cm) and a weight of approximately 0.5 oz (14 g). They have brownish-gray upperparts, a pale gray breast, and a cinnamon-colored belly. Their head has a grayish-brown crown and a blackish-brown mask around the eyes, which distinguishes them from other flycatchers.
In terms of habitat, the Say’s Phoebe is typically found in open areas, such as grasslands, deserts, and agricultural fields throughout the western United States, Mexico, and Central America. They also tend to build their nests on man-made structures like buildings, bridges, and other human-made structures.
One of the most striking features of this bird is its wagging tail, which is often held in an upright position. Additionally, the Say’s Phoebe is a very vocal bird, and its calls consist of short, sharp “pit” or “peep” notes.
In terms of migration, some Say’s Phoebes are migratory, while others are year-round residents. Those that migrate tend to spend their winters in the southern United States and Mexico, returning to their breeding grounds in the western United States and Canada during the spring and summer months.
Overall, the Say’s Phoebe is a fascinating and unique bird that can be easily identified by its distinctive markings, wagging tail, and vocalizations. Its widespread distribution and adaptable nature make it a common sight for birders and wildlife enthusiasts across North America.