The Violet-crowned Hummingbird (Amazilia violiceps) is a stunning species of hummingbird found in the southwestern United States, Mexico, and Central America. This bird measures around 3.9 inches in length and weighs around 0.17 ounces. It is one of the larger species of hummingbirds found in North America.
One of the most distinctive field marks of the Violet-crowned Hummingbird is its iridescent plumage. The male of the species has a brilliant violet crown on its head, which contrasts with the greenish-black feathers on its back and wings. The female, on the other hand, has a greenish-gray head and a white stripe behind its eye. Both sexes have a relatively long, straight black bill.
In terms of migration, the Violet-crowned Hummingbird is mostly a resident bird, with some populations in the northern part of its range migrating southward in the winter. Some individuals have been recorded as far north as southern Arizona during the breeding season, while others can be found year-round in the southern regions of its range.
In addition to its striking appearance, the Violet-crowned Hummingbird is also known for its behavior. This bird is highly territorial and will aggressively defend its feeding and nesting areas against other hummingbirds and even larger birds. It is also known for its distinctive vocalizations, which include a series of high-pitched squeaks and chirps.
The diet of the Violet-crowned Hummingbird consists mainly of nectar from flowers, but it will also consume small insects and spiders. To support their high metabolic rate, hummingbirds require a lot of energy and must feed frequently throughout the day. If you have the opportunity to observe one of these birds in the wild, you are sure to be captivated by its beauty and fascinating behavior.