The Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica) is a member of the crow family and is found throughout Eurasia. It is a medium-sized bird, measuring 17-21 inches in length and weighing between 7-9 ounces. The adult Eurasian Magpie has black and white plumage with a long black tail and a distinctive white patch on its wings. The bill, legs, and feet are black. Juvenile birds have a shorter tail and more mottled black and white plumage.
The Eurasian Magpie is a highly social bird and is often seen in large flocks. It is known for its intelligence and ability to use tools, such as using sticks to probe for food or to create a bridge to cross a gap. The bird is also known for its vocalizations, which include a variety of harsh calls, clicks, and whistles.
The Eurasian Magpie is a resident species and does not undertake long-distance migrations. However, it may make local movements in search of food or during breeding season. The bird is found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, farmland, and urban areas. It is a common sight in parks and gardens, where it may feed on insects, fruits, seeds, and scraps of food.
The Eurasian Magpie is a monogamous bird and pairs bond for life. Breeding season usually begins in March, with the birds constructing a nest made of twigs and lined with soft materials such as fur or feathers. The nest is usually placed in a tree or shrub and may be used for several years. The female lays between 4-8 eggs, which are incubated for around 18-20 days. Both parents take part in feeding the chicks, which fledge after around 4-5 weeks.
Overall, the Eurasian Magpie is a fascinating bird with distinctive black and white plumage and a reputation for intelligence and social behavior. It is a resident species found throughout Eurasia and is often seen in large flocks in a variety of habitats. Despite its intelligence, the Eurasian Magpie is not considered a threatened species and is a common sight in many areas.