Eastern Meadowlark

The Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) is a medium-sized bird that belongs to the family Icteridae. They measure about 9.5 to 11 inches (24 to 28 cm) in length and have a wingspan of 16 to 18 inches (41 to 46 cm). Their weight ranges from 3.5 to 5 ounces (100 to 140 grams). These birds have a stocky build with a short tail and a stout, pointed bill.

The Eastern Meadowlark is easy to identify by its distinctive field marks. It has a bright yellow breast with a black V-shaped patch on its upper chest. The head is brown with a distinctive white stripe that runs from the bill to the back of the head. The back and wings are brown with black streaks, and the belly is white. The Eastern Meadowlark has a loud, melodious song that is often heard before it is seen.

Eastern Meadowlarks are found throughout eastern North America, from eastern Canada to central Mexico. They are non-migratory birds, although some individuals may move short distances in response to changing food availability or weather conditions. In the northern part of their range, they may move to areas with more open ground or migrate south to avoid harsh winter conditions.

Eastern Meadowlarks are ground-nesting birds and are commonly found in grassy fields, meadows, and pastures. They feed primarily on insects during the summer months, and their diet shifts to seeds and fruits in the fall and winter. These birds are often seen perched on fence posts or other elevated structures, singing their beautiful songs and watching for prey.

Eastern Meadowlark

Despite their relatively widespread distribution, Eastern Meadowlarks are considered a declining species due to habitat loss and fragmentation. Conservation efforts are underway to protect and restore grassland habitats that are essential to the survival of these birds.

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