The California Thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum) is a large, gray-brown songbird that is endemic to the chaparral and oak woodland habitats of California, USA. It is a medium-sized bird, measuring about 11.5-12.5 inches in length and weighing around 2.8-3.6 ounces. It has a long, curved bill that is specialized for probing into the soil to find insects and seeds.
The California Thrasher is a highly secretive bird that is most easily identified by its long, curved bill, gray-brown coloration, and long tail. It has a distinctive streaked breast and belly, and its wings are brown with white patches. Its eyes are pale yellow, and its legs are pink. Juvenile birds are more heavily streaked and have a shorter bill.
The California Thrasher is a non-migratory bird that remains in its breeding range throughout the year. It is found throughout much of California, from the coast to the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. It is most commonly found in dense, shrubby habitats, such as chaparral, sagebrush, and oak woodland.
During the breeding season, which typically runs from March to July, the male California Thrasher will establish a territory and sing from a prominent perch to attract a mate. The female will build a nest on or near the ground, and the pair will raise one to three chicks. The California Thrasher is known for its long, melodious song, which can be heard throughout its range.
Despite being a common and widespread species, the California Thrasher faces threats from habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as predation by introduced species such as cats and rats. Conservation efforts include protecting and restoring its habitat, controlling non-native predators, and conducting research to better understand its population trends and ecology.