The Gilded Woodpecker is a striking and distinctive bird found in the forests of Central and South America. They are medium-sized woodpeckers, averaging about 9.5 inches in length and weighing approximately 2 ounces.
One of the most recognizable field marks of the Gilded Woodpecker is its iridescent golden-yellow plumage on the crest and nape. They have a black back, white underparts, and black wings with white spots. Their long, chisel-shaped bills are also black. Males and females are similar in appearance, although males may have a red patch on the back of their neck.
These woodpeckers are non-migratory and are year-round residents in their range. They feed primarily on insects and their larvae, but they are also known to eat fruits, nuts, and other plant matter. Gilded Woodpeckers excavate their own nests in live trees and are known to be very territorial.
In addition to foraging for food, Gilded Woodpeckers are known for their distinctive vocalizations, including loud, repeated calls and drumming on resonant surfaces. This behavior is used to attract mates, establish territory, and communicate with other birds.
Overall, the Gilded Woodpecker is an important species in its range, playing a role in the ecosystem by consuming insects and helping to disperse the seeds of fruit-bearing plants. In addition, their bright and striking appearance makes them popular birds for birdwatchers and ornithologists.